Congratulations on becoming a new electric car owner. If you recently purchased a Tesla model or Rivian model, chance are that you are looking for easy electric car maintenance tips to keep your EV running smooth as butter.
We have assembled an in-depth and comprehensive electric car maintenance tips that will help you extend your EV’s lifespan. As more and more gas-powered car owners are converting to electric-powered car owners, it is important that you take advantage of these easy maintenance tips.
There are so many benefits of owning an electric vehicle compared to gas-powered car. In fact, operating an electric car is a lot affordable and cheaper in the long run — which is actually great if you are looking for ways to cut down your expense in time when the non-renewable sources are uncertain.
That being said, let’s find out these top 10 electric car maintenance tips:
1. EVs are easier to maintain
It’s true that electric vehicles are easier to maintain compared to gas-powered vehicles. That is because the EVs comes with a powertrain that are simple. This means there is not much of moving parts involved and the parts are smaller and lighter.
In fact, most of the EV motors can be carried by one person. One of the biggest advantage that the EVs has is lack of oil change, spark plug replacement and oil / gas filter changes. The elimination of moving parts and filter changes drives down the overall maintenance cost, which in turn makes it incredible affordable to own an electric vehicle.
Most of the electric vehicles do not operate on multi-speed transmission. Instead they operate on a fixed-ratio drive setup. This means the electric vehicle do not need a catalytic converter, fuel injector, muffler or an exhaust system to operate.
Depending on the electric vehicle model, they comes with an electric motor that are quiet, reliable, easy to maintain and very high-efficient. These EV motors are also capable of working independently of each other that helps deliver high-performing speed and control.
2. Electric Car don’t need regular oil changes
As I mentioned before that the EV motors require a minimum maintenance, they have to be serviced accordingly to the manufacturer’s suggested schedule. It can be found in your owner’s manual. However, if you own a brand new EV then your local dealer will handle your car’s scheduled maintenance.
Most of the electric car do not need a transmission maintenance or fluid changes. Although, a lubricant might be required for models that rely on direct-drive system, which is usually a sealed system that don’t have to be changed. But there is an exception for instance the Tesla Model S require a transmission fluid service at 12 years or 150,000 miles — whichever comes first.
3. Take good care of your electric car battery
One of the most important electric car maintenance tip is to take good care of the battery pack. It is the single, largest and most expensive part of any electric vehicle. It is important that you as an electric vehicle owner understand how to take proper care of battery, including charging.
The choices you make about your electric car battery and charging habits will affect your EV’s longevity. Luckily, here’s some good tips on how to take care of your electric car battery:
- Keep your electric car battery between 20% to 80%.
- Repeatedly charging battery will cause the battery cells to degrade quickly.
- Charge the battery to full if you are going on a long road trip.
- Avoid extreme weather like hot or cold when charging your electric car.
- Charge your electric car at room temperature like garage.
4. Buy a 240-Volt home charger
Here’s another smart electric car maintenance tip, buy a 240-volt home charger. Charging your electric car at home is a cost-effective and easy solution for most electric vehicle owners. While you can recharge your electric car with a 110-volt charger, it is a very slow process adding between 2 to 5 miles per hour.
Which is why you will need to install a 240-volt level 2 charger at your home which will add between 10 to 60 miles of range per hour. Furthermore, if you need a faster method to recharge your electric vehicle then you can go to a Supercharger station that will add 1,000 miles per hour (or 75 miles in 5 minutes).
But do keep it in your mind that there are several factors that impact how fast your electric car recharge like battery size, temperature, energy output and onboard charger capability. Before you charge, make sure you understand your electric car’s abilities and limiations.
Fast-charging your electric car also contributes toward battery degradation and you should only use it when necessary.
5. Electric car brakes last longer
Most of the electric cars comes with built-in regenerative braking systems which use motor resistance to slow down the car. When the electric car is being slow down, it generates energy that flows back into the battery. The regenerative braking system works when you lift your foot off the pedal which basically allow the electric motor to act as a small power generator.
Regenerative braking system is an important feature that enable some of the electric vehicle to operate on one-pedal driving. When you press on the accelerate pedal that propels the car, the regenerative braking system will start producing energy when you lift the pedal. Although most of the EVs still feature traditional friction brakes but usually last much longer compared to gas-powered cars.
It’s important that you practice on good driving habit such as not tailgating, slamming on the brake or repeatedly braking. The regenerative braking system will also kick in when you engage the traditional friction brake so that they do not have to work on their own.
In fact it is not uncommon for an electric car to travel more than 100,000 miles before they need to have the braking system services. Good news, some electric car owners drove more than 200,000 miles and never had their car’s brakes serviced at all.
6. Keep tire maintenance the same
Just like the gas-powered cars, you should keep tire maintenance the same. Regular tire rotation is important for all cars and make sure you check air in your tires on periodic basis to ensure they are aligned and balanced.
Several people argued that electric cars’ torque and weight causes the tires to be replaced more often compared to gas-powered cars. But this is only true if the driver drove their electric car hard and is taking advantage of the torque. It also can be said the same about a muscle car like the Dodge Challenger and Ford Mustang.
If you are worried about your electric car tries, then get a set of replacement tires designed specifically for electric cars. They are usually quieter and durable compared to gas-powered cars that runs on traditional tires.
7. Give your electric car an underbody wash
Believe it or not, car washes is fun for electric cars too. Most people don’t think about this but whenever you drive your electric car, imagine all the chemicals, road salt, oil and others that can get stuck to the undercarriage and cause damage due to rust.
Which is why it is important that you give your electric car an underbody wash to prevent oxidation and rust from forming. If left untreated, then it can be quite catastrophic and quickly add up to your electric car maintenance fee.
If you drive an electric vehicle during winter time, always make sure you up your car-washing game because the amount of rock salt, oil and chemicals are much more widespread. Consider signing up for a membership at your local carwash. It’s better to save money than chunking out hundred dollars to replace a damaged undercarriage.
8. Be mindful of where you park your electric car
Granted, it is easy to not worry about parking for gas-powered cars. However, as an electric car owner you do need to be mindful of where you park. That is because the electric cars are built to use water and air as natural thermal control.
Therefore, you should not leave your electric car outside to dry out on a scorching day. Make sure to park your electric car at a spot where there is a consistent temperature. At extreme temperature condition will cause your electric car thermal control device to engage lower temperature.
When this happens, the electric vehicle will shut off the thermal control device until it is switched on. During this phase, the electric car will continue to heat up and cause the battery to drain. This means when you come enter your car, you might wind up with less battery percentage.
9. Electric car require less fluids
One of the advantage that all electric car has is fewer fluids. Just like gas-powered cars, the electric cars comes with built-in thermal management system that use coolant to keep your vehicle cool. Furthermore, they use windshield fluid and brake fluid to keep things running smooth.
Luckily, keeping these fluids is easy enough to top off. Make sure you read your owner’s manual to find out when you need to flush your electric car’s coolant system. Also, at some point you will need to recharge your air conditioning refrigerant.
10. Electric car warranties are better
Lastly, the electric car warranties are better. In fact, they are far superior compared to gas-powered cars because they cover the most important and expensive part for a very long, long time. In this case, it is the battery. The federal regulations mandate that all electric vehicles comes with a battery warrant that protects for 8 years or 100,000 miles whichever comes first.
Tesla, one of the world’s leading electric automaker, covers their Model S and Model X with an 8-year / unlimited mileage battery warrant. Plus their warrant covers an entire powertrain for 8 years or 100,000 miles (unlimited miles for specific models). These electric warranties are vastly superior compared to gas-powered cars for sure.
Conclusion of Top 10 Electric Car Maintenance Tips
Now you know how to take a better care of your EV using these top 10 electric car maintenance tips. If you know any tips that you use to take proper care of your EV but is not in this list. Let us know in the comment section below. We are looking forward to hearing from you! Happy driving!