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How Electric Vehicle Charging Station Work: Guide for Newbies

How Electric Vehicle Charging Station Work

Over the time, you might have seen that the number of gas-powered car are slowly being converted to electric-powered car. As the EV technology continue to advance and new Supercharger stations are popping up out of where thanks to Tesla’s innovative prefab strategy.

Some people might wonder how the same type of battery that powers your electric toothbrush make a two tons vehicle sprint from zero to 60 miles per hour in a complete silence. In this article, I am going to teach you how electric vehicle charging station works.

At the end of the guide, you will become an informed audience and eventually you might buy your very first electric vehicle. There are so many benefits for owning an electric car including reducing your monthly expense on electricity bill and fewer maintenance fees.

Top 10 Electric Car Maintenance Tips for Beginners

Electric Vehicle Power Structure

It is a no secret that the electric vehicle technology existed since the 1800s. The basics of early electric vehicles is not much different to the modern electric vehicles that we drive around now. In fact, the EVs comes with a rechargable battery pack that powers up the electric motors and propel the car forward.

Most of these early EVs could be recharged using the same electrical outlets that powered appliances and lights. At first glance, it might be difficult to imagine a battery-powered car in time when the road traffic was filled with horse-drawn carriages.

Early innovators experimented all type of propulsion systems, pedals, and steam to batteries to liquid fuel. It does seemed that the electric vehicle had the position in the race to mass production simply because they did not require water tanks or heating systems to generate propulsion.

Although, the electric vehicles ended up losing the race for a number of reasons. First, the vast discovery of oil fields in Texas made gasoline cheap, affordable and widely available. The road quality also improved that is meant for drivers who wants to leave their neighborhood to head out on the open road.

Furthermore, the gas stations popped out everywhere. But electricity remained scarce in rural areas outside of major cities. Gasoline took the checkered flag in rural areas as the popularity for electric vehicles declined for most of the 20th century.

Now the electric vehicles is make a big return thanks to major electric automaker like Tesla and Rivian. Decades of technology advancements made it possible to mass produce electric vehicles that is affordable, high-performing and competitive to these gas-powered cars.

Electric Vehicle Charging Station Guide for Beginners

How Electric Vehicle Charging Station Work

How do electric vehicle charging station work today? Not much have changed since the inception. Basically you put a plug into the charging port of the electric vehicle, with another end hook to an electrical outlet. Which basically works the same as you would for lighting and applicanes.

Thanks to decades of technology advancement in engineering made the process simple, easy and efficient. There are three type of chargers based on output that they provide: Level 1 Charger, Level 2 Charger and DC Fast Charger.

Level 1 Charger provides 120V outlet that you normally can find in your home and personal garage. This type of charger is the lowest level and provides up to 5 miles of range per hour of charging. Which is ideal for commuter who lives a short distance from their workplace and can leave it charging overnight at the end of day.

Level 2 Charger provides 240V outlet and usually require extra equipment. This type of charger typically needs to be installed at your home, preferable from a manufacturer or an electric utility company that do it for you for a small fee. The level 2 charger delivers up to 20 miles of range per hour of charging and is available with an installation plan or at your office building and complex.

DC Fast Charger provides the most charging rate out of all. At an impressive 480V input, it can recharge your EV up to 80 miles per 20 minutes of charging. Supercharger stations comes with high-capacity charging and combine with advanced technology that quickly recharge your electric vehicle in matter of minutes. This type of charge is usually found at Supercharger stations.

How Electric Vehicle Charging Station Work Guide

How Electric Vehicle Battery Work

To recharge your electric vehicle depends on several factors that impact the battery. By charging your electric vehicle, you are drawing power from several sources which is then distributed to your car. Depending on your EV’s make and model, there are several battery types, plugs and outlets that you need to pay attention.

Powering your electric vehicle is no different than these old Victorian-era vehicles as the electrical energy is stored inside these fuel cells that power the motors. Once the electric vehicle battery is fully charge, the range depends on the electric car’s performance, specifications and features. The more weight it has, the more power it requires to run and the faster battery drain will be.

Make sure you curb additional weight for a higher range efficient. Limited range and slow recharge time can make your road trip challenging and frustrating. As demand for electric charging continue to grow at a steady pace, businesses are looking for ways to provide their customers with option to recharge.

Thanks to various charging solutions, the manufacturers will need to catch up to consumer needs in a very short timeframe before the electric vehicle overtakes the road infrastructure. Homeowners also are slowly turning their home into a distributed power plant to offset electricity expenses by investing in solar panels.

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